|Regulation of arachidonic acid metabolism in macrophages by immune and nonimmune interferons.|
Mouse resident peritoneal M phi release AAA and metabolize it into cyclooxygenase- and lipoxygenase-derived eicosanoids, when triggered in vitro with different stimuli. Pretreatment of M phi with nonimmune IFN-alpha and IFN-beta dramatically decreased AA liberation from M phi phospholipids and eicosanoid formation after stimulation of M phi with Zy, A23187, or PMA. M phi exposed to immune IFN-gamma also showed a substantial impairment of both AA liberation and eicosanoid production upon exposure to Zy. However, AA and eicosanoid release was increased by IFN-gamma, rather than depressed, in PMA-triggered M phi. In addition, IFN-gamma showed differential effects on M phi stimulated with A23187. In fact, it inhibited AA release as well as formation of lipoxygenase-derived LTC4, but it highly increased the release of the cyclooxygenase products PGE2 and 6-keto PGF1 alpha. The ability of IFN-gamma to differentially modulate AA metabolism of M phi, depending on the nature of the triggering agent, sets forth the high specificity of the regulatory capacity of this molecule. This is at variance with the down regulation of AA metabolism that is generally observed with nonimmune IFN.