|TIAB (Title and Abstract)|
Triglyceride-rich HDL3 from patients with familial hypercholesterolemia are less able to inhibit cytokine release or to promote cholesterol efflux.
Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is associated with heterogeneity of the onset and severity of coronary heart disease (CHD). In this study, we investigated different low-grade proinflammatory markers and the atheroprotective function of the HDL3 subfraction in FH-patients (n = 13) with identical LDL-receptor mutations and in age- and sex-matched healthy controls (n = 11). Compared with healthy controls, FH-patients had greater gene expressions of the proatherogenic mediators TNF-alpha and IL-8 in circulating peripheral blood mononuclear cells. In addition, they had a higher serum concentration of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and a lower net antioxidant capacity. FH-derived HDL3 with a high level of triglycerides had a reduced capacity to inhibit the release of IL-8 from TNF-alpha-stimulated human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) [1.864 mg/L (1.461-2.208 mg/L) vs. 1.466 mg/L (1.225-1.643 mg/L); P < 0.05; median (range)], and a reduced capacity to promote cholesterol efflux from lipid-loaded macrophages [12% (12-14%) vs. 15% (14-18%); P < 0.05; median (range)] compared with HDL3 with a lower triglyceride content. Notably, the degree of inhibition of IL-8 release from HUVEC by HDL3 was correlated with the ability of HDL3 to promote cholesterol efflux (r = -0.80, P = 0.03). In conclusion, compared with healthy controls, FH-patients are characterized by higher levels of low-grade proinflammatory markers, and FH-derived HDL3 with high triglyceride content may be more proatherogenic. These triglyceride rich-HDL3 might be partly responsible for the phenotypic variation among FH-patients with identical LDL-receptor mutations.
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