|TIAB (Title and Abstract)|
Altered cyclooxygenase-2 expression and nitric oxide metabolism following major elective surgery.
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Postoperative variation in immune function leads to increased susceptibility to infections. Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2)-generated Prostaglandin-E(2) (PGE(2)), which signals through the PGE(2) receptor (EP receptor), as well as nitric oxide metabolites (NOx), appear to be important in postoperative immune dysfunction. It is unclear, however, how these substrates and receptors change over time. This study was conducted to evaluate postoperative changes in inflammatory mediator production and monocyte COX-2 and EP receptor expression.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nineteen patients had blood drawn preoperatively and up to 1 week postoperatively. Plasma NOx levels were measured. Peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) COX-2 and EP receptor mRNA expression were analyzed by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). PBMC PGE(2), interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha), and IL-10 productions were evaluated by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kits. Statistical analyses were by ANOVA and Student's t tests.
RESULTS: Postoperatively, PBMC mean PGE(2) and IL-6 productions were significantly increased at all time points. Mean TNF-alpha production was maximal on postoperative day 2, while mean IL-10 production was unchanged. Mean circulating NOx levels demonstrated a biphasic response decreasing early postoperatively and normalizing at postoperative day (POD) 7. PBMC COX-2 enzyme and EP receptor mRNA expression were unchanged.
CONCLUSIONS: Altered PBMC PGE(2) production and plasma NOx levels support a role for altered macrophage activity, which may contribute to immune dysfunction in the postoperative period.
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